One of the most elaborate weaving techniques carried out by specialized artisans, the hand-knot requires an initial base, which is made by attaching the warp yarn to the loom, weaving the weft yarn to ensure stability. To create the surface of the rug, the artisans individually incorporate each knot, row by row. The type and thickness of the knot offers different results; the number of knots per square meter increases the quality, definition and durability of the rug. The Persian method is more traditional, with each knot individually cut by hand to create the pile. The Indo Nepal technique involves a rod that allows for an entire row of knots to be cut. Hand knotting is a slow process that allows for the creation of highly detailed patterns.
This method differs slightly from other weaving techniques as the pile is incorporated by hand with a pistol-shaped device. The pattern design is laid out on cotton fabric, which is then stretched over a frame. The tufting gun is used to punch the yarn through the fabric and is fastened to a latex base. The yarn is then cut and shaved to ensure equal height. In the case of rugs with different height volumes, the surfaces are cut by hand with special angled scissors. This technique allows the skilled artisans to create curved patterns and pile of different heights and densities.
A precise manual weaving technique, involving vertical or horizontal looms, carried out by highly skilled artisans. The basic concept of weaving is to intersect the longitudinal threads, (the warp), with the transverse threads, (the weft). The yarn is stretched and fastened to the loom to create a taut warp. Working from bottom to top, the artisans weave the weft, creating the different patterns and textures. To create the pile, the fibre is wrapped around a special rod during the weaving process and then cut to ensure equal height. This technique permits a wide range of finishes, from simple and delicate short-strand pile, shag rugs to more elaborate loop pile involving various fibres. The handloom technique is also used to create dhurries, a flat weave with no pile that is perfect as a base for our volumetric rugs.
The hand weaving technique is renown for its lack of pile. Requiring expert knowledge, skilled artisans are necessary for this traditional method of weaving that produces flat rugs with highly detailed patterns. Two examples of hand woven rugs are the Soumak and the Kilim. The Soumak is a flat weave recognizable by its braided texture. The Soumak can be combined with the hand knotted technique and the Kilim on a single loom, creating a unique rug with different techniques. The Kilim is hand woven with different colored wefts, presenting detailed geometric patterns.